Different Printing Techniques
Printmaking is an art medium, comparable to painting, sculpting, preforming, writing, among others. There are different techniques for printmaking, which fall into three categories based on the type of matrix used: relief, intagllio and planographic.
The relief method is the simplest. The image is printed from the elevated protion of the matrix. Examples of these method include techniques like woodcut and linocut.
The intagllio method includes techniques in which the image is dug into lines or areas. Engraving, drypoint, etching, aquatint, and mezzotint are all intaglio processes.
A planographic print is made from a flat surface to which the ink adheres because of the drawing material on the surface. This category includes litorgraph – the process of printing from a stone or metal plate on which the image to be printed is ink-receptive and the blank area is ink-repellent – and serigraph – the process in which ink is forced through a paper, plastic or glue stencil on a fine-meshed cloth screen, usually silk.